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The industry has its roots in the former Ottoman capital, where the first Turkish newspaper, Takvim-i Vekayi Calendar of Affairs , was published in Istanbul now has a wide variety of periodicals.
Most nationwide newspapers are based in Istanbul, with simultaneous Ankara and İzmir editions. Several smaller newspapers, including popular publications like Cumhuriyet , Milliyet and Habertürk are also based in Istanbul.
Radio broadcasts in Istanbul date back to , when Turkey's first radio transmission came from atop the Central Post Office in Eminönü. Control of this transmission, and other radio stations established in the following decades, ultimately came under the state-run Turkish Radio and Television Corporation TRT , which held a monopoly on radio and television broadcasts between its founding in and Offering a range of content from educational programming to coverage of sporting events, Radio 2 is the most popular radio station in Turkey.
Among Turkey's first private stations, and the first featuring foreign popular music, was Istanbul's Metro FM The state-run Radio 3 , although based in Ankara, also features English-language popular music, and English-language news programming is provided on NTV Radyo There are 52 universities in Istanbul, 41 of which are private.
The oldest of the universities, Istanbul University , was founded in and later established law and medical schools in the 19th century.
In , there were about 4, schools , about half of which were primary schools ; on average, each school had students. It was built at the behest of Sultan Bayezid II , who sought to bring students with diverse backgrounds together as a means of strengthening his growing empire.
Galatasaray, for example, offers instruction in French; other Anatolian High Schools primarily teach in English or German alongside Turkish.
Istanbul's first water supply systems date back to the city's early history, when aqueducts such as the Valens Aqueduct deposited the water in the city's numerous cisterns.
By , the first international mailing network between Istanbul and the lands beyond the Ottoman Empire had been established.
In , Istanbul had hospitals , of which were private. Their prevalence has increased significantly over the last decade, as the percentage of outpatients using private hospitals increased from 6 percent to 23 percent between and The high quality of healthcare, especially in private hospitals, has contributed to a recent upsurge in medical tourism to Turkey with a 40 percent increase between and By the end of , the total length of Istanbul Province's toll motorways network otoyollar is km and highways network devlet yollari is km, totaling km of expressway roads minimum 2x2 lanes , excluding secondary roads and urban streets.
The O-2 continues west to Edirne and the O-4 continues east to Ankara. Environmentalist groups worry that the third bridge will endanger the remaining green areas to the north of Istanbul.
Istanbul's local public transportation system is a network of commuter trains , trams , funiculars , metro lines, buses, bus rapid transit , and ferries.
Fares across modes are integrated, using the contactless Istanbulkart , introduced in , or the older Akbil electronic ticket device.
Marmaray rail line has International rail service from Istanbul launched in , with a line between Bucharest and Istanbul's Sirkeci Terminal , which ultimately became famous as the eastern terminus of the Orient Express from Paris.
Istanbul's main bus station is the largest in Europe, with a daily capacity of 15, buses and , passengers , serving destinations as distant as Frankfurt.
Istanbul had three large international airports, two of which are currently in active service for commercial passenger flights. The largest is the new Istanbul Airport , opened in in the Arnavutköy district to the northwest of the city center, on the European side, near the Black Sea coast.
All scheduled commercial passenger flights were transferred from Istanbul Atatürk Airport to Istanbul Airport on April 6, , following the closure of Istanbul Atatürk Airport for scheduled passenger flights.
After its closure to commercial flights in , it was briefly used by cargo aircraft and the official state aircraft owned by the Turkish government, until the demolition of its runway began in It handled Dominated by low-cost carriers , Istanbul's second airport has rapidly become popular, especially since the opening of a new international terminal in ;  the airport handled Air pollution in Turkey is acute in İstanbul with cars, buses and taxis causing frequent urban smog ,  as it is one of the few European cities without a low-emission zone.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Most populous city in Turkey. For other uses, see Istanbul disambiguation. Megacity in Marmara, Turkey.
Main article: Names of Istanbul. Main article: History of Istanbul. See also: Timeline of Istanbul history. Main article: Constantinople.
Two aerial photos showing the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, taken from a German zeppelin on 19 March Further information: Geography of Turkey and Geology of Turkey.
Main articles: List of districts of Istanbul and List of neighbourhoods of Istanbul. Main article: Demographics of Istanbul.
See also: Demographics of Turkey. This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: There are probably enough Arabs nowadays to be worth mentioning here.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. May Main article: Religion in Istanbul. İstanbul district Municipalities Turkish local elections.
Members of Parliament for İstanbul Turkish parliamentary election, Main article: Economy of Istanbul. Main article: Culture of Istanbul.
See also: List of sport facilities in Istanbul. Atatürk Olympic Stadium 2. Türk Telekom Stadium 3. Vodafone Park. Further information: Education in Turkey.
Main article: Utilities in Istanbul. Further information: Telecommunications in Turkey and Health care in Turkey.
Main article: Public transport in Istanbul. The suspension bridges on the Bosphorus strait. Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge.
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge. Istanbul's nostalgic and modern tram systems. Istanbul Atatürk Airport left , which handled Turkey portal Europe portal Asia portal.
The most authoritative source on this figure ought to be the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality MMI , but the English version of its website suggests a few figures for this area.
One page states that "Each MM is sub-divided into District Municipalities "DM" of which there are 27 in Istanbul " [emphasis added] with a total area of 1, It also states a law merged the Eminönü district into the Fatih district a point that is not reflected in the previous source and increased the number of districts in Istanbul to Since Istanbul is a transcontinental city, Moscow is the largest city entirely within Europe.
Historians have disputed the precise year the city was founded. Commonly cited is the work of 5th-century-BCE historian Herodotus , which says the city was founded seventeen years after Chalcedon ,  which came into existence around BCE.
The ranges of values between and are due to Morris , which also does a comprehensive analysis of sources, including Chandler ; Morris notes that many of Chandler's estimates during that time seem too large for the city's size, and presents smaller estimates.
Chandler disagrees with Turan on the population of the city in the mids with the former suggesting , in , but Turan, p. Turan's figures, as well as the figure,  come from the Turkish Statistical Institute.
The drastic increase in population between and is largely due to an enlargement of the city's limits see the Administration section. Explanations for population changes in pre-Republic times can be inferred from the History section.
The whole city was generally known as Constantinople or under other names. See Names of Istanbul for further information. The agglomeration "usually incorporates the population in a city or town plus that in the suburban areas lying outside of, but being adjacent to, the city boundaries".
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Neujahr gefeiert? Auf dem europäischen Thrakien sowie dem asiatischen Anatolien gelegen, befindet sich die Weltmetropole Istanbul im Westen der Türkei gleichzeitig auf zwei Kontinenten.
Istanbul, deren Altstadt zum Weltkulturerbe gehört, fasst 13,1 Millionen Einwohner und zählt damit weltweit zu den bevölkerungsreichten Städten.
Die Stadt ist vor allem für besondere kulinarischen Köstlichkeiten wie z. Istanbul ist ein Ort in Türkei. Istanbul , Türkei. Wie spät bzw.
Zeitumstellung: In dieser Zeitzone gibt es keine Umstellung auf Sommerzeit. Zeitunterschied wichtiger Orte der Welt zu Istanbul.
Die Sonne in Istanbul : Heute, Informationen zur Stadt Auf dem europäischen Thrakien sowie dem asiatischen Anatolien gelegen, befindet sich die Weltmetropole Istanbul im Westen der Türkei gleichzeitig auf zwei Kontinenten.Wie spät bzw. wie viel Uhr ist es in Istanbul? Türkei: Aktuelle Uhrzeit / Ortszeit & Nächste Zeitumstellung in Istanbul, Zeitzone Europe/Istanbul (UTC+3). Auf dem. Zeitumstellung: In dieser Zeitzone gibt es keine Umstellung auf Sommerzeit. Silvester / Neujahr. Wann wird in Europe/Istanbul Silvester bzw. Neujahr gefeiert? Ortszeit in Istanbul, Türkei. Finden Sie die aktuelle Zeit in Istanbul Zeitzone und in der gesamten Türkei. Uhrzeit und Datum in Istanbul | Türkei - Istanbul und viele weitere Infos rund um Istanbul | Türkei - Istanbul finden Sie hier.