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Downtown Shanghai is bisected by the Huangpu River, a man-made tributary of the Yangtze created by order of Lord Chunshen during the Warring States period.
The central financial district, Lujiazui, has been established on the east bank of the Huangpu Pudong. Along Shanghai's eastern shore, the destruction of local wetlands due to the construction of Pudong International Airport has been partially offset by the protection and expansion of a nearby shoal, Jiuduansha , as a nature preserve.
Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate Köppen Cfa , with an average annual temperature of Winters are chilly and damp—northwesterly winds from Siberia can cause nighttime temperatures to drop below freezing.
Each year, there are an average of 6. On average, 8. In summer and the beginning of autumn, the city is susceptible to typhoons.
The most pleasant seasons are generally spring, although changeable and often rainy, and autumn, which is usually sunny and dry. See or edit raw graph data.
Shanghai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. Many areas in the former foreign concessions are also well-preserved, the most notable being the French Concession.
Despite rampant redevelopment, the Old City still retains some traditional architecture and designs, such as the Yu Garden , an elaborate Jiangnan style garden.
As a result of its construction boom during the s and s, Shanghai has among the most Art Deco buildings in the world. The Bund has been revitalized several times.
The first was in , with a new promenade by the Dutch architect Paulus Snoeren. The house is similar to western-style terrace houses or townhouses , but distinguishes by the tall, heavy brick wall and archway in front of each house.
The shikumen is a cultural blend of elements found in Western architecture with traditional Jiangnan Chinese architecture and social behavior.
Vegetation can be grown in the courtyard, and it can also allow for sunlight and ventilation to the rooms.
Some of Shanghai's buildings feature Soviet neoclassical architecture or Stalinist architecture , though the city has fewer such structures than Beijing.
These buildings were mostly erected between the founding of the People's Republic in and the Sino-Soviet Split in the late s.
During this time period, large numbers of Soviet experts, including architects, poured into China to aid the country in the construction of a communist state.
An example of Soviet neoclassical architecture in Shanghai is the modern-day Shanghai Exhibition Center. Shanghai—Lujiazui in particular—has numerous skyscrapers , making it the fifth city in the world with the most skyscrapers.
The Shanghai Grand Theater. The Shanghai Exhibition Center , an example of Stalinist architecture. The Oriental Pearl Tower at night.
Like virtually all governing institutions in mainland China , Shanghai has a parallel party-government system,  in which the Party Committee Secretary , officially termed the Communist Party of China Shanghai Municipal Committee Secretary, outranks the Mayor.
Political power in Shanghai has frequently been a stepping stone to higher positions in the central government. Officials with ties to the Shanghai administration collectively form a powerful faction in the central government known as the Shanghai Clique , which has often been viewed to compete against the rival Youth League Faction over personnel appointments and policy decisions.
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the Government of the People's Republic of China ,  and is divided into 16 county-level districts.
Although every district has its own urban core, the city hall and major administrative units are located in Huangpu District, which also serves as a commercial area, including the famous Nanjing Road.
Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas in Yangpu District and Putuo District. Seven of the districts govern Puxi lit.
Pudong lit. Seven of the districts govern suburbs, satellite towns, and rural areas farther away from the urban core: Baoshan, [j] Minhang , [k] Jiading, [l] Jinshan, [m] Songjiang, [n] Qingpu, [o] and Fengxian.
Chongming District comprises the islands of Changxing and Hengsha and most—but not all [q] —of Chongming Island. The former district of Nanhui was absorbed into Pudong District in In , Luwan District merged with Huangpu District.
As of [update] , these county-level divisions are further divided into the following township-level divisions : towns , 2 townships , and 99 subdistricts.
Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions : 3, neighborhood committees and 1, village committees.
Shanghai was the largest and most prosperous city in East Asia during the s, and its rapid redevelopment began in the s.
The zone introduced a number of pilot reforms designed to incentivize foreign investment. In April , The Banker reported that Shanghai "has attracted the highest volumes of financial sector foreign direct investment in the Asia-Pacific region in the 12 months to the end of January ".
As one of the main industrial centers of China, Shanghai plays a key role in domestic manufacturing and heavy industry.
Tourism is a major industry of Shanghai. In , the number of domestic tourists increased by 7. The conference and meeting sector is also growing.
Because the zone is not technically considered Chinese territory for tax purposes, commodities entering the zone are exempt from duty and customs clearance.
As of [update] , Shanghai had a total population of 24,,, including 14,, According to the Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau, about , residents in Shanghai are foreigners, including 28, Japanese, 21, Americans and, 20, Koreans.
Shanghai has a life expectancy of This has also caused the city to experience population aging —in , Due to its cosmopolitan history, Shanghai has a blend of religious heritage; religious buildings and institutions are scattered around the city.
According to a survey, only The remaining Buddhism, in its Chinese varieties , has had a presence in Shanghai since the Three Kingdoms period, during which the Longhua Temple —the largest temple in Shanghai—and the Jing'an Temple were founded.
Catholicism was brought into Shanghai in by Italian missionary Lazzaro Cattaneo. Ignatius Cathedral in Xujiahui—the largest Catholic church in the city,  the St.
They lived in a designated area called the Shanghai Ghetto and formed a community centered on the Ohel Moishe Synagogue, which is now the Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum.
Islam came into Shanghai during the Yuan dynasty. Shanghai's Muslim population increased in the 19th and early 20th centuries when the city was a treaty port , during which time many mosques—including the Xiaotaoyuan Mosque , the Huxi Mosque , and the Pudong Mosque —were built.
The vernacular language spoken in the city is Shanghainese, a dialect of the Taihu Wu subgroup of the Wu Chinese family.
This is different from the official Chinese dialect, Mandarin , which is mutually unintelligible with Wu Chinese. At the time, most of the city's residents were immigrants from the two adjacent provinces, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, so Shanghainese was mostly a hybrid between Southern Jiangsu and Ningbo dialects.
After , Putonghua has also had a great impact on Shanghainese as a result of being rigorously promoted by the government. They often cannot speak the local language and therefore use Putonghua as a lingua franca.
Because Putonghua and English were more favored, Shanghainese began to decline, and fluency among young speakers weakened. In recent years, there have been movements within the city to promote the local language and protect it from fading out.
Shanghai is an international center of research and development and is ranked 5th globally and 2nd in the whole Asia and the Pacific after Beijing by scientific research, as tracked by the Nature Index.
By the end of , Shanghai had 64 universities and colleges, secondary schools, primary schools, and 31 special schools. Louis in which has since consistently been ranked as one of the best in the world.
In Shanghai, the nine years of compulsory education —including five years of primary education and four years of junior secondary education—are free, with a gross enrollment ratio of over Shanghai has an extensive public transportation system comprising metros, buses, ferries, and taxis, all of which can be accessed using a Shanghai Public Transport Card.
Shanghai's rapid transit system, the Shanghai Metro , incorporates both subway and light metro lines and extends to every core urban district as well as neighboring suburban districts.
As of [update] , there are 17 metro lines excluding the Shanghai maglev train and Jinshan Railway , stations , and With the first tram line been in service in , trams were once popular in Shanghai in the early 20th century.
Since the s, many tram lines were either dismantled or replaced by trolleybus or motorbus lines;  the last tram line was demolished in As of [update] , a total of 40, taxis were in operation in Shanghai.
Shanghai is a major hub of China's expressway network. Bicycle lanes are common in Shanghai, separating non-motorized traffic from car traffic on most surface streets.
However, on some main roads, including all expressways, bicycles and motorcycles are banned. In recent years, cycling has seen a resurgence in popularity due to the emergence of a large number of dockless app-based bicycle-sharing systems , such as Mobike , Bluegogo , and ofo.
Private car ownership in Shanghai is rapidly increasing: in , there were 3. The purpose of this policy is to limit the growth of automobile traffic and alleviate congestion.
Shanghai has four major railway stations: Shanghai railway station , Shanghai South railway station , Shanghai West railway station , and Shanghai Hongqiao railway station.
Built in , the Woosung railway was the first railway in Shanghai and the first railway in operation in China  By , Shanghai—Nanjing railway and Shanghai—Hangzhou railway were in service.
Shanghai is one of the largest air transportation hubs in Asia. In , Pudong International Airport served Since its opening, the Port of Shanghai has rapidly grown to become the largest port in China.
Although the port is run by the Shanghai International Port Group under the government of Shanghai, it administratively belongs to Shengsi County, Zhejiang.
Overtaking the Port of Singapore in ,  the Port of Shanghai has become world's busiest container port with an annual TEU transportation of 42 million in The culture of Shanghai was formed by a combination of the nearby Wuyue culture and the "East Meets West" Haipai culture.
Wuyue culture's influence is manifested in Shanghainese language—which comprises dialectal elements from nearby Jiaxing, Suzhou, and Ningbo—and Shanghai cuisine , which was influenced by Jiangsu cuisine and Zhejiang cuisine.
Cultural curation in Shanghai has seen significant growth since , with several new museums having been opened in the city. It emphasizes the use of condiments while retaining the original flavors of the raw ingredients.
Sugar is an important ingredient in Benbang cuisine, especially when used in combination with soy sauce. Signature dishes of Benbang cuisine include Xiaolongbao , Red braised pork belly , and Shanghai hairy crab.
It absorbed elements from French, British, Russian, German, and Italian cuisines and adapted them to suit the local taste according to the features of local ingredients.
Secular objects like flowers and birds were often selected as themes. Various art forms—including photography , wood carving , sculpture , comics Manhua , and Lianhuanhua —thrived.
Sanmao was created to dramatize the chaos created by the Second Sino-Japanese War. In addition, the Chinese Painting Academy features traditional Chinese painting ,  while the Power Station of Art displays contemporary art.
First held in , the Shanghai Biennale has become an important place for Chinese and foreign arts to interact. Traditional Chinese opera Xiqu became a popular source of public entertainment in the late 19th century.
In the early 20th century, monologue and burlesque in Shanghainese appeared, absorbing elements from traditional dramas. The Great World opened in and was a significant stage at the time.
Around the same time, a Shanghai-style Beijing Opera was formed. Drama appeared in missionary schools in Shanghai in the late 19th century. At the time, it was mainly performed in English.
Shanghai is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese cinema. The exile of Shanghainese filmmakers and actors as a result of the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Communist revolution contributed enormously to the development of the Hong Kong film industry.
Since , Shanghai has held its own fashion week called Shanghai Fashion Week twice every year in April and October. The main venue is in Fuxing Park , and the opening and closing ceremonies are held in the Shanghai Fashion Center.
The international presence has included many promising young British fashion designers. The Shanghai Cricket Club dates back to when the first recorded cricket match was played between a team of British Naval officers and a Shanghai Following a year dormancy after the founding of the PRC in , the club was re-established in by expatriates living in the city and has since grown to over members.
The Shanghai cricket team played various international matches between and With cricket in the rest of China almost non-existent, for that period they were the de facto China national cricket team.
Shanghai is home to many prominent Chinese professional athletes, such as basketball player Yao Ming,  meter hurdler Liu Xiang ,  table tennis player Wang Liqin ,  and badminton player Wang Yihan.
Shanghai is the host of several international sports events. The race is staged annually at the Shanghai International Circuit.
In , Shanghai became the host city of Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters , which raced in a street circuit in Pudong. Shanghai has an extensive public park system; by , the city had parks, of which had free admission, and the per capita park area was 8.
The People's Square park, located in the heart of downtown Shanghai, is especially well known for its proximity to other major landmarks in the city.
Fuxing Park, located in the former French Concession, features formal French-style gardens and is surrounded by high-end bars and cafes.
Zhongshan Park in western central Shanghai is famous for its monument of Chopin , the tallest statue dedicated to the composer in the world.
John's University , Shanghai's first international college; today, the park features sakura and peony gardens and a year-old platanus ,  and it also serves as an interchange hub in the metro system.
The park has an artificial lake with a sky bridge running across the park. The Shanghai Disney Resort Project was approved by the government on 4 November  and opened in Air pollution in Shanghai is not as severe as in many other Chinese cities, but is still considered substantial by world standards.
Authorities pulled nearly one-third of government vehicles from the roads, while much construction work was halted. Most inbound flights were canceled, and more than 50 flights at Pudong International Airport were diverted.
On 23 January , Yang Xiong , the mayor of Shanghai , announced that three main measures would be taken to manage the air pollution in Shanghai, along with surrounding Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces.
Public awareness of the environment is growing, and the city is investing in a number of environmental protection projects. A year rehabilitation of Suzhou Creek, which runs through the city, was finished in , clearing the creek of barges and factories and removing 1.
On 1 July , Shanghai adopted a new garbage-classification system that sorts out waste into residual waste, kitchen waste, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste.
In regard to foreign publications in Shanghai, Hartmut Walravens of the IFLA Newspapers Section said that when the Japanese controlled Shanghai in the s "it was very difficult to publish good papers — one either had to concentrate on emigration problems, or cooperate like the Chronicle ".
The city's main broadcaster is Shanghai Media Group. As of September , Shanghai hosts 71 consulates general and 5 consulates, excluding Hong Kong and Macao trade office.
Das simple, aber fesselnde Prinzip begeistert Alt und Jung. Stell dich der Herausforderung und baue alle Spielsteine ab!
Regeln und Ablauf von Mahjong Shanhai sind schnell erklärt, und wahrscheinlich ist das Spiel gerade deshalb so beliebt. Mahjong in verschiedenen Varianten gehört zu den Top Online-Spielen, denn es eignet sich perfekt, um sich zwischendurch die Zeit zu vertreiben, zu entspannen und gleichzeitig die grauen Zellen anzustrengen.
Die Aufgabe bei Mahjong Shanghai besteht darin, einen Turm aus Spielsteinen schrittweise abzubauen, indem gleiche Paare gefunden und angeklickt werden.
Die Anzahl der ausgelegten Spielsteine kann - je nach Schwierigkeitsgrad - variieren. Zur Mitte hin türmen sich die Steine höher, liegen also übereinander.
Die Steine sind mit unterschiedlichen Motiven verziert. Für den Spieler gilt es, gleich aussehende Steine zu finden. Your username is permanent and yours forever.
Once they meld a card their turn is over. A Shanghai occurs if a player can rearrange some or all of the melds on the table to allow them to play cards in their hand.
This is a valid move, permitting all the melds are legal. The game ends when one player has played all the cards in their hand.
That player scores 0 points. Sure, it lacks flashy graphics and action, but it's a good mental challenge that won over not just cynical old me, but just about everyone else I showed it to.
Give it a look. In this version of the ancient solitaire concentration game, you must match tiles of the same style.
Remove all the tiles and you win. Tiles are arranged in the shape of dragons, bears, fish and other Chinese symbols. Challenge 7 different puzzles in this game of intricate moves and timeless strategies.
The game that took over years to develop - and at least that long to master! A seemingly endless number of variations of the playing board, each with five increasingly difficult stages to unravel.
Play the original version, using Mah Jongg tiles, or the updated version using the alphabet. We can teach you how to play the game, strategies, even how to read the Chinese characters - the only thing we can't teach you is how to quit!
Nearly 25, different puzzles await your concentration. The object is to remove all of the tiles, in identical pairs, until none remain.Mahjong Shanghai is a mahjong solitaire game in which you need to find identical tiles and remove them from the board. The game has a smaller sibling, mahjong shanghai dynasty, which can also be played for free. For those unfamiliar with Shanghai, it is a variation on the ancient Chinese game of mah-jongg. In the game you are confronted by a pattern of several levels of tiles. The object is to locate matching tiles (same type or "suit") on left and/or right borders of the levels. Mahjongg Shanghai. Alle Spiele Mahjong donboscoforum.com 11 Dez, 0. JETZT SPIELEN! Spiel Info MahJongg Solitaire-Spiel in 2D oder 3D. Kombinieren Sie zwei gleiche. Shanghai online. Play free Shanghai game online at Big Fish. Travel to Shanghai for some Mahjongg fun!. Shanghai. The game’s namesake, Shanghai, refers to a particular move in the game. A Shanghai occurs if a player can rearrange some or all of the melds on the table to allow them to play cards in their hand. This is a valid move, permitting all the melds are legal. THE SCORING. The game ends when one player has played all the cards in their hand.